Turkmenistan climate and weather
The Turkmen land that is rich in the unique natural landscapes is beautiful and wonderful in each season of the year.
In the southern regions of the country it starts after the New Year holidays, but in the north, as expected, a month earlier. The main feature of this season is the changeability of the weather. Powerful air flows following by fall of temperature reach the Turkmen side from the south or the north. Sometimes (but seldom), chilling cold wind from distant Siberia ‘flies’ to the northern regions of Turkmenistan. And then there the temperature falls over thirty degrees below zero and the bitter frosts reach the south of the country. In such cases, rare in these regions snow can lie on the ground more than usual that make happy not only children but also adults who enjoy playing at snowballs, the uncommon game in local climatic conditions. However, the frosty weather in Turkmenistan lasts not for a long time and is quickly replaced by thaw that ‘eats’ the fragile snow cover. On the average, there is no frost in Turkmenistan for the year of 230-270 days and only 10-20 days are snowy. Quite often there are very short ‘mild winters’, during which the temperature keeps within five to six degrees above zero. They even do not interrupt the growth of many plants.
As is known, the nature has no bad weather. But spring in Turkmenistan, of course, is the most fertile time of the year. It comes to these regions rapidly and violently. On the eve of the spring, in the second half of February, the temperature increases. Nights become shorter and warmer, and in March it is usually 20-25 degrees above zero in day time. There are frequent and heavy rains in the spring that promotes the rapid growth of plants.
Spring in Turkmenistan is a charming period when apricot orchards smell sweet in the white-pink haze, almond and peaches and following them other horticultural crops blossom throughout the country. Hardworking farmers start spring field works (it should be noted that in the southern parts of the country, the field works start in February). For many of us the desert seems to be lifeless space of hot sands, but if one manages to visit the Karakum Desert in spring, one can see a paradise on the earth. From edge to edge, as our eyes can see, there is the riot of plants awakened from hibernation. Unforgettable breathtaking aroma of flowers strewn the ground till the horizon will arouse the wish to return again and again to these regions.
Though many people call the Turkmen summer ‘the one-weather season’ (the heat lasts five months there), these regions are still under the influence of the same atmospheric processes as those occurring in the changeable humid spring.
Sometimes it happens that the air masses from the cool north rush into the region of extreme heat. This results in the heavy rain that falls in the Karakum Desert where the minimum amount of precipitations usually occur in summer. The nature immediately responds to this gift of heaven by the awakening of flowers and plants from summer sleep.
The Turkmen people who live in these natural and climatic conditions for many centuries have accommodated themselves perfectly well to the hot climate. In our times, the elders wear the warm lambskin hats, even during the hottest days, and drink hot green tea that retains moisture in the human organism.
In Turkmenistan autumn comes into its own almost imperceptibly. At first, it seems to be no different from the summer. Gradually, without surges in temperature the nights become slightly cooler, and the heat of the day begins to slowly recede. In many countries the air temperatures of something below 20 degrees in the daytime is regarded as the hot summer weather, but in Turkmenistan is a sure sign that autumn has come.
The light rain falls in the second half of October. They waken the life in the great Karakum Desert, the dormancy of ground squirrels and turtles comes to an end, swift antelopes – gazelles and saigas race with the wind.
The temperature continues dropping, and a light frost more often come at clear night. In late October or early November they reach the southern areas of Turkmenistan. In the oases, deserts and mountains the plants stop vegetating, and the trees shed their yellowed leaves. In these days autumn in Turkmenistan is truly gold…